POLYPROPYLENE - PP
WHAT IS POLYPROPYLENE
Polypropylene is a tough and rigid, crystalline thermoplastic produced from propene (or propylene) monomer. It is a linear hydrocarbon resin. The chemical formula of polypropylene is (C3H6)n. PP is among the cheapest plastics available today.
APPLICATION OF POLYPROPYLENE
1. Packaging Applications: Good barrier properties, high strength, good surface finish and low cost make Polypropylene ideal for several packaging applications.
A. Flexible Packaging: PP films’ excellent optical clarity and low moisture-vapor transmission make it suitable for use in food packaging. Other markets shrink-film overwrap, electronic industry films, graphic arts applications, disposable diaper tabs and closures, etc. PP Film is available either as Cast Film or bi-axially orientated PP (BOPP).
B. Rigid Packaging: PP is blow molded to produce crates, bottles, and pots. PP thin walled containers are commonly used for food packaging.
2. Consumer Goods: Polypropylene is used in several household products and consumer goods applications including translucent parts, housewares, furniture, appliances, luggage, toys etc.
3. Automotive Applications: Due to its low cost, outstanding mechanical properties and moldability, polypropylene is widely used in automotive parts. Main applications include battery cases and trays, bumpers, fender liners, interior trim, instrumental panels and door trims. Other key features of automotive applications of PP include low coefficient of linear thermal expansion and specific gravity, high chemical resistance and good weatherability, processability and impact/stiffness balance.
4. Fibers and Fabrics: A large volume of PP utilized in the market segment known as fibers and fabrics. PP fiber is utilized in a host of applications including raffia/slit-film, tape, strapping, bulk continuous filament, staple fibers, spun bond and continuous filament. PP rope and twine are very strong and moisture resistant very suitable for marine applications.
5. Medical Applications: Polypropylene is used in various medical applications due to high chemical and bacterial resistance. Also, the medical grade PP exhibits good resistance to steam sterilization. Disposable syringes is the most common medical application of polypropylene. Other applications include Medical vials, diagnostic devices, petri dishes, intravenous bottles, specimen bottles, food trays, pans, pill containers, etc.
6. Industrial Applications: Polypropylene sheets are widely used in industrial sector to produce acid and chemical tanks, sheets, pipes, Returnable Transport Packaging (RTP), etc. because of its properties like high tensile strength, resistance to high temperatures and corrosion resistance.
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