PET Resin: Polyethylene Terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene Terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, or referred to by the brand name Dacron, is a thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in synthetic fibers; beverage, food and other liquid containers; Thermoforming applications; and engineering resins often in combination with glass fiber.
The majority of the world’s PET production is for synthetic fibers (in excess of 60%), with bottle production accounting for around 30% of global demand. In the context of textile applications, PET is referred to by its common name, “polyester,” whereas the acronym “PET” is generally used in relation to packaging. Polyester makes up about 18% of world polymer production and is the third-most-produced polymer; polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) are first and second, respectively.
PET consists of polymerized units of the monomer ethylene Terephthalate, with repeating C10H8O4units. PET is commonly recycled, and has the number “1″ as its recycling symbol.
Depending on its processing and thermal history, polyethylene Terephthalate may exist both as an amorphous (transparent) and as a semi-crystalline polymer. The semicrystalline material might appear transparent (particle size < 500 nm) or opaque and white (particle size up to a few microns) depending on its crystal structure and particle size. Its monomer (bis-β-hydroxyterephthalate) can be synthesized by the esterification reaction between terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol with water as a byproduct, or by transesterification reaction between ethylene glycol and dimethyl terephthalate with methanol as a byproduct. Polymerization is through a polycondensation reaction of the monomers (done immediately after esterification/transesterification) with water as the byproduct. PET Resin/Chips is dealt centering on Intrinsic Viscosity (IV) and the grade is decided according to the IV. Our commonly dealt PET Resins/Chips are : · IV 0.64/65/66 ( Textile Grade ) · IV 0.76/80 ( Mineral Water Grade ) · IV 0.84 ( Carbonated Drinks Bottle) · IV 0.86 ( Container and Pharmaceutical Bottle/Container)